Demonstrate an understanding the different types of risks

GAC5013 Money Banking and Risk - Gulf College

Learning outcome 1: Demonstrate an understanding the different types of risks and causes of risk management within organisation (including financial institutions)

Learning outcome 2: Understand the economic necessity of credit and business risk

Assessment Task

Muscat: Data issued by the Central Bank of Oman (CBO) indicated that the total deposits held with ODCs (Other Depository Corporations) reached OMR23.9 billion at the end of June 2020, increasing by 3.9 per cent from June 2019. Total private sector deposits increased by 9.6 per cent to OMR16.3 billion.

The combined activities of conventional and Islamic banks provide a comprehensive picture of financial intermediation through the banking sector in Oman. The total deposit of the Islamic banks is OMR26.3 billion. Credit to the private sector rose by 2.2 per cent to OMR23 billion. Of the total credit to the private sector, the non-financial corporate sector and the household sector (mainly under personal loans) received a share of 47.1 per cent and 44.4 per cent, respectively while the financial corporations received 5.3 per cent and other sectors the remaining 3.2 per cent. Annual interest rate in Oman is 15%.

The Omani oil price averaged $47.7 per barrel during the first eight months of 2020, which is lower by 26.3 per cent over the corresponding period of last year. Moreover, the average daily oil production decreased by 1.4 per cent to 957.3 thousand barrels during this period.

Times News Service (2020), Total deposits in Oman's banks reach OMR23.9 billion, 28 November, 2020

Read the above report and write an assignment based on the following tasks:

(A) Briefly discuss credit risk of the report

(B) Based on the economic conditions, Islamic banks are required to keep 10 percent cash reserves against its deposits. The banks have a total deposit of OMR26.3 billion mentioned in the report. You are required to:

i. Calculate cash reserve and loans that the banks.
ii. Discuss credit creation and cash reserve relating to the report.

(C) If the spot rate is 9.50 AED per OMR. The annual interest rates are 12% in the UAE. If these interest rates remain constant, what is the market forecast of the spot rate for the OMR in two years?. You are required to:

i. Calculate market forecast of the spot rate for the OMR in two years.
ii. Discuss interest rate risk of the report.

(D) The Omani oil price averaged US$47.7 per barrel during the first eight months of 2020. And if an Omani Oil company is exporting oil on open account to an Malaysian company for US$100,000, payment to be made in 60 days. The current exchange rate is US$2.60 per OMR. The Omani company is expecting to exchange the 0.380 OMR per US$1 when the payment is made. You are required to:
i. Calculate transaction exposure when payment is received in OMR.
ii. If the OMR weakens to 0.370 per US$1, then analyse how much the Omani Oil company will receive the payment.
iii. If the OMR strengthens to 0.390 per US$1, then analyse how much the Omani Oil company will receive the payment.
iv. Explain when an Omani company is exposed to currency risk for the changes in prices of OMR to the US dollar.

(E) Provide a conclusion with the logical flow of information given in the report.

Attachment:- Money Banking and Risk.rar


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